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Full text of "English-Esperanto dictionary"

P M 

8237 

0285 

1903 

MAIN 




GIFT OF 
William R. Daingerfield 




ESPERANTO 

HANDY POCKET 
VOCABULARY 



English - Esperanto 

and 
Esperanto- English 



Compiled by 
J. C. O^CONNOR, B.A., LL.D. 




New York 



Chicago 



Toronto 



Fleming H. Revell Company 

London and Edinburgh 



Copyright, 1903, by 
FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY 



Entered at Stationers' Hall 
All Rights Reserved 






New York: 158 Fifth Avenue 
Chicago: 63 Washington Street 
Toronto : 27 Richmond Street, W 
London: 21 Paternoster Square 
Edinburgh: 30 St. Mary Street 






I.— ENGLISH-ESPERANTO. 

The words contained in this vocabulary are quite 
sufficient for all ordinary purposes. I wish, however, 
to give the reader a few hints regarding the marnier 
of using, in the event of his requiring any word not 
foimd in it. 

1st. The word you look for may be perhaps a word 
common to most countries. For instance, you will 
not find such universal words as microphone, tele- 
phone, etc. In this case refer to the section on 
" Foreign words," and you will have no difficulty in 
forming such words for yourself. 

2nd. The word you may want is perhaps a 
synonym, and this synonymous word you will, in all 
likelihood, find in the vocabulary. For instance, you 
may be looking for the verb " to seize " ; if you cannot 
find it, look for the verb " to catch," etc. 

3rd. Also if you want to find the w^ord " short," 
look for its opposite " long " and prefix " Mai," and 
then you have it. The same way with scores, nay 
hundreds of other words. Hence it is well to have a 
good i6W/(:i/i^ knowledge of the prefixes and affixes. 
A thorough acquaintance with these will place almost 
every possible word within your reach. With a 
much briefer vocabulary than the one before you, I, 
by adopting these few rules, read everything I came 
across in Esperanto, and wrote all my correspondence 
with a large number of Esperantists. 

4th; The words marked with an asterisk are 
invariable; the other words form different parts of 
speech by changing final letter, as Ami, to love 
(verb) ; Amo, love (noun) ; Ame^ lovingly (adverb) i 
Amat loving (adjective). 

- 7 • ' ; i \. I«3' 

»1 -1 *^ 



115 





album albumo. 


A. 


alder alno. 




all -^ĉio, ^ĉiuj. 


able kapabla. 


allow permesi. 


about *pri, "^^cirkau. 


almond migdalo. 


above ^super. 


almost *preskaŭ. 


accent akcento. 


alm^ almozo. 


accompany akompani. 


alone sola. 


according to *laŭ. 


alphabet alfabeto. 


account kalkulo. 


already *jam. 


accurate akurata. 


also ■'^ankaŭ. 


accustom kutimi. 


altliough •^kvankam. 


acid acido. 


always *ĉiam. 


acorn glano. 


ambassador ambasadoro 


acquire akiri. 


amber sukceno. 


across ''^trans. 


among "^inter. 


act agi. 


amuse amuzi. 


actual efektiva. 


anchor ankro. 


add aldoni. 


ancient antikva 


address adresi. 


and ^kaj. 


adept adepto. 


angel aiiĝelo. 


adieu *adiaŭ. 


anger kolero. 


administrate administri. 


angle angulo. 


admire admiri. 


annoy enui. 


ailore adori. 


answer respond!. 


advertise anonci. 


ant formiko. 


affair afero. 


anxiety maltrankvilo. 


after *post. 


any "'^'ia. 


again re. 


anyhow *\g\. 


against ^kontraŭ. 


anyone *m. 


age ago. 


anyone's *ies. 


agreeable agrabla. 


anything *io. 


agree konsenti. 


anytime *iam. 


ah ! ^ha. 


anywhere *ie. 


aim cell. 


appear aperi. 


air (subst.) aero. 


apple porno. 


air (vb.) aerumi. 


apricot abrikoto. 



h2 



116 



arbor laŭbo. 
arch arko. 
argue disputi. 
argument argumento. 
arm brako. 
around ^ĉirkaŭ. 
arouse veki. 
arrange aranĝi. 
arrow sago. 
arsenic arseniko. 
art arto. 

artichoke artisoko. 
as "^kiel. 
ash cindro. 
ash-tree fiakseno. 
ask demandi. 
asparagus asparago. 
ass azeno. 
assist helpi. 
at *en, "^ce, "^apud. 
at least *alraeiuui. 
attack ataki. 
attain atingi. 
attempt provi. 
attentive atenta. 
attest atesti. 
author aŭtoro. 
authority lajto. 
average mezonombro. 
avoid eviti. 
await atendi. 
awake veki. 
away "^ior. 
axis akso. 
azote [nitrogen] azoto. 



B. 

bachelor fraŭlo. 

back (subst.) dorso. 

badger melo. 

bag sako. 

baggage pakaĵo. 

bake baki. 

balance balanci. 

ball pilko. 

bank banko. 

baptize bapti. 

bar bari. 

bare nuda. 

bark [of dog] bo jo. 

bark [of tree] selo. 

barley hordeo. 

barrel barelo. 

basket korbo. 

bat vesperto. 

bath banilo. 

battle batalo. 

be esti. 

beak beko. 

beam [of sun] radio. 

beam [of wood] trabo. 

bean fabo. 

bear (subst.) urso. 

bear (vb.) porti, toleri. 

bear (to produce) produktL 

beard barbo. 

beast besto. 

beat bati. 

beautiful bela. 

beaver kastoro. 

become fariĝi. 

bed lito. 



117 



bed [garden] bedo. 

lee abelo. 

heech f ago. 

leer biero. 

leet beto. 

leetle skarabo. 

lefore '^''antau. 

leg peti. 

hegin komenci. 

behind ^post. 

behold rigardi. 

believe kredi. 

belly ventro. 

belong aparteni. 

bench benko. 

bend (v. a.) fleksi. 

bend (v. n.) klini. 

beneath *s\ih. 

berry bero. 

beside "^preter, "^ekster. 

bet veti. 

betroth fiancigi. 

between "'^inter. 

bicycle biciklo. 

bilberry mirtelo. 

bind ligi. 

bind [books] bindi. 

bird birdo. 

birch betulo. 

biscuit biskvito. 

bite mordi. 

black nigra. 

bladder veziko. 

blame mallaŭdi. 

bleat bleki. 

bless beni. 

blind (adj.) blinda. 



blood sango. 

blow (vb.) blovi. 

blue blua. 

body korpo. 

boil (vb.) boli. 

bolt riglo. 

bone osto. 

bonnet ĉapelo. 

book libro. 

book-keeping librotenado. 

boot boto, 

bo^-e (vb.) bori. 

bmroio prunte preni. 

both ■'^ambaŭ. 

bottle botelo. 

bottom fundo. 

boundary limo. 

bouquet bukedo. 

bourse borso. 

bow [to shoot with] 

arko. 
bow [of fiddle] arco. 
bowl kaliko. 
box (subst.) kesto. 
box (vb.) bati, pugni. 
boy knabo. 
brain cerbo. 
branch bran Go. 
brandy brando. 
bread pano. 
break rompi. 
bream bramo. 
breast brusto. 
breathe spiri. 
brick briko. 
bridge ponto. 
bridle brido. 



118 



bright brila. 

h'oad larĝa. 

brother frato. 

brovm bruna. 

brush broso. 

bucket sitelo. 

buckwheat poligono. 

bud burĝono. 

buffalo bubalo. 

buffet bufedo. 

bug cimo. 

build konstrui. 

bulb bulbo. 

bull bovo. 

bullet kuglo. 

bundle fasko. 

bureau kontoro, oficejo. 

burn (v. n.) bruli. 

burn (v. a.) bruligi. 

hU ^sed. 

butter butero. 

butterfly papilio. 

button butono. 

5wy aĉeti. 

by *per, *po, *apud. 

c. 

cabbage brasiko. 
cabin kajuto. 
cactus kakto. 
cage kaĝo. 
cake kuko. 
calculate kalkuli. 
calico kalikoto. 
call voki. 
camel kamelo. 



can (subst.) kfuĉo. 
can (vb.) povas. 
canary kanario. 
candle kandelo. 
candy kando. 
cane kano. 
capable kapabla. 
car [railroad] vagono. 
carafe karafo. 
card karto. 
care zorgi. 
caress karesi. 
carp [fish] karpo. 
carpenter carpento. 
carpet tapiso. 
carriage kaleso. 
carrot karoto. 
case skatolo. 
cash kaso. 

cast [metals] fandi. 
cast [throwj ĵeti. 
castle kastelo. 
cat kato. 
catarrh kataro. 
catch kapti. 
caterpillar raŭpo. 
cause kaŭzi. 
cave kavo. 
cavern kaverno. 
cease cesi, halti. 
cedar cedro. 
ceiling plafono. 
cellar kelo. 
cement cemento. 
certain certa. 
chagrin ĉagreno. 
chain ĉeno. 



119 



chalk kreto. 


cloth 


a] tuko. 


chamber cambro. 


cloth 


goods] drapo. 


chamomile kamomilo. 


clothe vesti. 


change ŝanĝi. 


child nubo. 


chapter ĉapitro. 


cluh klubo. 


charm carmi. 


coal karbo. 


chase ĉasi. 


coal-oil petrolo. 


chatter babili. 


coast bordo. 


cheat trompi. 


cod gado. 


cheek vango. 


coffee kafo. 


cheese fromaĝo. 


coffin ĉerko. 


chemise ĉemizo. 


collar kobimo. 


chemistry ĥemio 


collect kolekti. 


cheque ceko. 


colm' koloro. 


cherish flegi. 


column kolono. 


cherry ĉerizo. 


comb kombi. 


chess sakoj. 


come veni. 


chestnut kastano. 


comma komo. 


chew maĉi. 


command ordoni. 


chief cefo. 


commerce komerco. 


child infano. 


commission komisio. 


chin mentono. 


committee komitato. 


chisel cizilo. 


common komima, ordinara 


chocolate ĉokolado. 


communicate komuniki. 


cJwose elekti. 


companion kolego. 


cigar cigaro. 


compare kompari. 


cigarette cigaredo. 


compassion kompato. 


cinder cindro. 


complain plendi. 


circumstance cirkonstanco. 


conceal kasi. 


claim postuli. 


concerning "^pri. 


clamp (bracket) krampo. 


conclude konkludi. 


clay argilo. 


condition kondiĉo. 


clean pura. 


conduct konduto. 


cUar klara. 


conduct (vb.) konduki. 


clerk komizo. 


confess konfesi. 


clever lerta. 


confide konfidi. 


clock horloĝo. 


confuse konfuzi. 



120 



congratulate gratuli. 
conquer venki. 
conscience konscienco. 
conscious konscia. 
consent konsenti. 
console konsoli. 
constant konstanta. 
construct konstrui. 
consumption ftizo. 
content kontenta. 
continue daŭri. 
contract kontrakti. 
convenient oportuna. 
convince konvinki. 
cook kuiri. 
copper kupro. 
copTj kopio. 
cm-k korko. 
com greno. 
cm^n [on foot] kalo. 
corner angulo. 
correct korekti. 
correspond korespondi. 
cost kosti. 
cotton kotono. 
cough tusi. 
count kalkuli. 
counter kontoro. 
country lando. 
cousin kuzo. 
cover kovri. 
covetous a vara. 
crab kankro. 
crafty ruza. 
crane sarĝlevilo. 
crane [bird] gruo. 
cravat kravato. 



crawl rampi. 
cream kremo. 
create krei. 
cricket [insect] grilo. 
crime krimo. 
cross (subst.) kruco, 
crowd amaso. 
crown kroni. 
cruel kruela. 
crumple ĉifi. 
cry krii. 

cry [of beasts] bleki. 
cuckoo kukolo. 
cucumber kukumo. 
cuff manumo. 
cup taso. 
cupboard sranko. 
currant ribo. 
curtain kurteno. 
curved kurba. 
cushion kuseno. 
custom kutimo. 
cut tranĉi. 



D. 

damage difekto. 
dance danci. 
danger danĝero. 
date [fruit] daktilo. 
day tago. 
deaf surda. 
dear kara. 
deceive trompi. 
decide decidi. 
deck ferdeko. 



121 



decfi-ee dekreto. 


do fari. 


dedicate dediĉi. 


dog hundo. 


deep profunda. 


dollar dolaro. 


deer cervo. 


doll pupo. 


defend defeiidi. 


dom' pordo. 


define difini. 


dot punkto. 


defaimed kripla. 


do2ibt dubi. 


demand postuli. 


dough pasto. 


denounce denunci. 


dave kolombo. 


dense densa. 


doum (subst.) lanuojo. 


department departemeiito. 


draw 


out] tiri. 


depict pentri, figuri. 


draw 


along] treni. 


desert dezerto. 


draw 


pictures] pentri. 


desert forlasi. 


drawers [cheat of] komodo. 


deserve meriti. 


dream sonĝi. 


design deaegni. 


drink trinki. 


desire deziri. 


drop guti. 


destroij detrui. 


drow7i dioni. 


detail detalo. 


drug drogo. 


devil diablo. 


drum tamburo. 


dew roso. 


dry seka. 


diameter diametro. 


duck anaso. 


diamond diamanto. 


dumb muta. 


die morti. 


dust polvo. 


dig fosi. 


duty devo. 


diligent diligeiita. 




direct direkti. 




disappoint ĉagreni. 




discharge [pour out] suti. 


E. 


discount diskonto, rabato. 




dish plado. 


each ^ĉia, *ĉiu. 


dispute disputi. 


eagle agio. 


distract distri. 


ear orelo. 


distribution disdono. 


ear [of grain] spiko. 


diverse diversa. 


early frua. 


divide dividi. 


earth tero. 


divine (vb.) diveni. 


east oriento. 



122 



Easter pasko. 
easy facila. 
eat manĝi. 
ecstasy ravo. 
edge rando. 
editor redaktoro. 
educate eduki. 
eel angilo. 
effect efiki. 
egg ovo. 
eight "^ok. 
elastic elasta. 
elhow kubuto. 
elect elekti. 
eUjyJuint elefanto. 
elk aiko. 
embank digi. 
embarrass ĝeni. 
embrace ĉirkaŭpreni. 
eminent eminenta. 
enceinte graveda. 
end fini. 
endeavour peni. 
endure daŭri. 
engage okupi. 
engineer inĝeniero. 
eenugh sufiĉa. 
entertain regali. 
entice logi. 
envelope koverto. 
envy envio. 
epoch epoko. 
equal egala. 
error eraro. 
especially precipe. 
establish fondi. 
esteem estimi. 



eternal eterna. 
etiquette etiketo. 
even (adj.) ebena. 
even (adv.) "^ec. 
evening vespero. 
every *ĉia 
ev€f)'ycme "^ciu. 
everything "^cio. 
everywhere *ĉie. 
examine ekzameni. 
example ekzemplo. 
except escepti. 
exchange [bill of] kambio 
execute ekzekuti. 
exercise ekzerco. 
exhibition ekspozicio. 
exist ekzisti. 
expedite ekspedi. 
expel peli. 
expend elspezi. 
expert sperta. 
explode eksplodi. 
explm'e esplori. 
exp'ess esprimi. 
extinguish estingi. 
extreme ekstrema. 
eye okulo. 
eyelid palpebro. 



p. 

fable fablo. 
face vizago. 
facsimile faksimilo. 
fade velki. 
faint sveni. 



123 



fair (subst.) foiro. 

faithful fidela. 

falcon falko. 

fall [of year] aŭtuno. 

fall (vb.) fali. 

false falsa. 

family familio. 

fan ventumilo. 

fancy revo. 

fashion fasono. 

fast (adj.) rapida. 

fast (vb.) fasti. 

fat grasa. 

fate sortx). 

father patro. 

fathom klafto. 

fault kulpo. 

favor favori. 

favon' [do a] komplezi. 

fear timi. 

feast festi. 

feel (v. a.) palpi. 

feel (v. n.) senti. 

/g^^ felto. 

fern filiko. 

/ĉfer febro. 

field kampo. 

f^g figo. 

y^^A^ batali. 
file fajlilo. 
filter filtri. 
find trovi. 
/?z^ĉr fingro. 
^?ws/i fini. 
fir abio. 
^r« fajro. 
ĵire;place fajrejo. 



firm firma. 

^sA fiso. 

fist pugno. 

five *kvin. 

flag standardo. 

flat plata. 

flatter flati. 

flax lino. 

/eĉcĉ felo. 

flint siliko. 

^our faruno. 

flaiv flui. 

flower floro. 

/%/ lanugo. 

/m'c^ fluaĵo. 

flute fiuto. 

/^ (vb.) flugi. 

fly (subst.) muso. 

foam ŝaŭmo. 

fog nebulo. 

fold faldi. 

follow sekvi. 

foot piedo. 

/(??• "^por, "^pro, "^car. 

forehead f runto. 

foreign fremda. 

forge f orĝi. 

forget forgesi. 

forget-me-not miozoto, 

forgive pardoni. 

f&i'k f orko. 

foiih *f or. 

fmiified fortika. 

fortunate felica. 

fountain fonto. 

four ^kvar. 

fox vulpo. 



124 



frame kadro. 

franc franko. 

free libera. 

fresh f reŝa. 

Friday vendredo. 

friend amiko. 

fright teruro. 

frog rano. 

from *el, *de. 

front fronto. 

frost frosto. 

fruit f rukto. 

frying pan pato. 

fulfil plenumi. 

full plena. 

fume (subst.) haladzo. 

funeral funebro. 

fungus fungo. 

fur pel to. 

furious freneza. 

furniture meblo. 

furrow sulko. 



G. 

gain gajni. 
gaiter gamaŝo. 
gall galo. 
garden ĝardeno. 
garlic ajlo. 
gas gaso. 
gather kolekti. 
gayg^id.. 
gentle ĝentila. 
gentleman sinjoro. 
genus gen to. 



get ricevi. 
give doni, donaci. 
glare heli. 
glass vitro. 
glass [a] glaso. 
globe globo. 
gbry gloro. 
gbve ganto. 
glue gluo. 
gnat kulo. 
go iri. 
goat kapro. 
God Dio. 
gold oro. 
good bona. 
good-bye *adiaŭ. 
goods stofo. 
goose ansero. 
gooseberry groso. 
grain greno. 
grain [a] grajno. 
grandfather avo. 
grandson nepo. 
grape vinbero. 
grass herbo. 
grasshqyper akrido. 
grease sebo. 
great granda. 
green verda. 
grey griza. 
grind mueli. 
groan ĝemi. 
grouse urogalo. 
groiv kreski. 
gruel kaco. 
guarantee garantio. 
guard gardi. 



125 



guess diveni. 
guest gasto. 
gulf golf 0. 
gum gumo. 
gunpowder pulvo. 



H. 

hail hajlo. 
hair haro. 
ham sinko. 
hammer martelo. 
hand mano. 
handicraft metio. 
handy lerta. 
hang pendi. 
hangings tapeto. 
happen okazi. 
happy feliĉa. 
harbor haveno. 
hardly "'^apenaŭ. 
hare leporo. 
harp harpo. 
harrow erpi. 
hat capelo. 
have havi. 
hawk akcipitro. 
hay fojno. 
he li. 

head kapo. 
health sano. 
hear audi. 
heart koro. 
heat (v. a.) hejti. 
heaven cielo. 
heel kalkano. 



hell infero. 
helmet kasko. 
help helpi. 
hemp kanabo. 
here Hie ĉi. 
hero heroo. 
heron ardeo. 
herring haringo. 
hew haki. 

hide (subst.) haŭto. 
hide (vb.) kasi. 
high alta. 
hinge carniro. 
hire dungi. 
hit frapi. 
hoarse raŭka. 
Iwg porko. 
hold teni. 
hole truo. 
holy sankta. 
home hejmo. 
honest honesta. 
honey mielo. 
honeysuckle lonicero. 
honoi' honori. 
hoof hufo. 
hook hoko. 



esperi. 
hops lupolo. 
horse ĉevalo. 
horse-radish kreno. 
host mastro. 
hotel hotelo, 
hour horo. 
house dorao. 
how ^kiel. 
Jwwever ''^'tamen, ■'''do. 



126 



how much, many '^kiom. 
huTuble humila. 
humming-bird kolibro. 
humor humoro. 
hump ĝibo. 
hundred *cent. 
hunt Ĝasi. 
hurt vundi. 
husband edzo. 

I. 

/ mi. 

ice glacio. 
if "^se. 

illustration ilustraĵo. 
imitate imiti. 
immediately Hu]. 
important grava. 
inch colo. 
incite inciti. 
incline klini. 
increase kreski. 
indeed *ja. 
industrious diligenta. 
industry industrio. 
infant infano. 
infect infekti. 
influence influi. 
inherit heredi. 
injure vundi, difekti. 
ink inko. 
inner interna. 
insect insekto. 
insert enmeti. 
instead '^''anstatau. 
instruct instrui. 
insult insulti. 



insure asekuri. 
intend intend. 
interest interesi. 
intestine intesto. 
invite inviti. 
iron fero. 
iron (vb.) gladL 
island insulo. 
it ĝl 

itch juko. 
ivy hedero. 

J. 

jacket jako. 
jaw faŭko. 
jealous ĵaluza. 
jewel juvelo. 
join jungi. 
joint artiko. 
joke serci. 
journal ĵurnalo. 
journey veturo. 
joy ĝojo. 
jubilee jubileo. 
judge juĝi. 
jug kruĉo. 
juice suko. 
just (adj.) justa,. 
just (adv.) *ĵus. 

K. 

keep konservi. 
keg barelo. 
kernel kerno. 
kerosene petrolo. 



127 



kettle kaklrono. 
key slosilo. 
kidney reno. 
kind (subst.) speco, 
kind (adj.) aminda. 
king reĝo. 
kingdom regno. 
kiss kisi. 

knapsack tornistro. 
knee genuo. 
know scii, koni. 



L. 

labor labori. 

lace pasamento. 

lake la go. 

lame lama. 

land lando. 

language lingvo. 

lantern lantern o. 

lard lardo. 

large grand a. 

lark alaŭdo. 

last (adj.) lasta. 

last (vb.) daŭri. 

laugh ridi. 

law lego. 

lead (subst.) plumbo. 

lead (vb.) konduki. 

leaf folio. 

lean (vb.) apogi. 

leap salti. 

learn lerni. 

leather ledo. 

Zĉavĉ (subst.) permeso. 



(vb.) lasi. 
leech hiiudo. 
legend legendo. 
legume legomo. 
lemon citrono. 
lend prunte doni. 
lentil lento. 
lesson leciono. 
letter letero. 

letter [of alphabet] litero. 
lick leki. 
lie [down] kusi. 
lie [tell a] mensogi. 
lift levi. 

light (subst.) lumo. 
lightning f ulrao. 
like (vb.) sati, ami. 
like (adj.) simila. 
lily lilio. 
lime kalko. 
limit limo. 
line linio. 
linen tolo. 
lion leono. 
lip lipo. 
listen a.ŭskulti. 
live vivi, loĝi. 
liver hepato. 
lizard lacerto. 
lo ! "^jen. 

load [a gun] sargi. 
lock (subst.) seruro. 
lock (vb.) ŝlosi. 
locomotive lokomotivo. 
lodge loĝi. 
long (adj.) longa. 
long (vb.) sopiri. 



128 



lose perdi. 
lot [cast] loto. 
lotteri/ loterio. 
loud laŭta. 
lounge kanapo. 
love ami. 
lucifer alumeto. 
lung pulmo. 



M. 

machine masino. 
mad kolera, freneza. 
magpie pigo. 
mail posto. 
m^ize maizo. 
majesty majesto. 
make fari. 
m/in homo, viro. 
manner maniero. 
manufactory fabriko. 
many multa. 
maple acero. 
marble marmoro. 
margin marĝeno. 
marsh marco. 
mason masonisto. 
mass amaso. 
7)iast masto. 
mxister mastro. 
mat mato. 
match alumeto. 
mattress matraco. 
meal faruno, manĝado. 
means rimedo. 
measure mezuri. 



meat viando. 
medalion medaliono. 
medicine kuracilo. 
meet renkonti. 
m^lon melono. 
member membro. 
memory memoro. 
mercury hidrargo. 
mesh maso. 
miasma haladzo. 
middle mezo. 
migrate migri. 
mile mejlo. 
milk (subst.) lakto. 
milk (vb.) melki. 
mill mueli. 
millet milio. 
mind animo, cerbo. 
mine mia (poss. pron.)e 
mirror spegulo. 
misery mizero. 
mix miksi. 
mixture miksaĵo. 
model modeli. 
moderate modera. 
modest modesta. 
molasses siropo. 
mole talpo. 
Monday lundo. 
money mono. 
monk monaĥo. 
monkey simio. 
month monato. 
moon luno. 
more *pli. 
morning mateno. 
moss musko. 



129 



most *ple]. 


ne/ reto. 


moth tineo. 


7iĉ///« urtiko. 


mountain monto. 


Tiev^r ■'^neniam. 


mourn plori. 


new nova. 


mouse muso. 


myi^ nokto. 


mouth buŝo. 


nightingale riajtingalo. 


move movi. 


nine *naŭ. 


mow falci. 


no *ne. 


much multe. 


noble nobla. 


mucilage gum©. 


nobleman nobelo. 


mud koto. 


nobody *nenm. 


mulberry moruso. 


nohow "^^neniel. 


mule mulo. 


noise bruo. 


murmur murmuri. 


none *neniom. 


mushroom fungo. 


no one's "^nenies. 


must (vb.) devis. 


nor *nek. 


mustard mustardo. 


north nordo. 




nose nazo. 


N. 


710^ *ne. 


nothing ''^nenio. 


nail najlo. 


nourish nutri. 


Tiaz'/ [finger] ungo. 


now *nm\. 


naked nuda. 


nowhere *nenie. 


nam« nomi. 


number nombro, numero 


nape nuko. 


nut nukso. 


nation nacio. 




nature naturo. 


o. 


Tiĉar proksima. 




Ti^ar to (prep.) "'^apud. 


oak kverko. 


necessary necesa. 


oar remilo. 


neck kolo. 


oats aveno. 


need (vb.) bezoni. 


obey obei. 


neigh bleki. 


dbject objekto. 


neighbor najbaro. 


object kontraŭstari. 


neither *nek. 


obstinate obstina. 


nephew nevo. 


obstruct bari. 


nĉs^ nesto. 


occasion okazo. 



130 



occupy okupi. 
odor odoro. 
q/^de, *da. 
offend ofendi. 
offer [sacrifice] oferi. 
offer [present] prezenti. 
officiate agi. 
often ofte. 
oh ! *\vo. 
oil oleo. 
<m *sur. 
one *unu. 
anion bulbo. 
only (adj.) sola. 
only (adv.) "^nur. 
opinion opinio. 
opportune ĝustatempe. 
opposite *kontraŭ. 
or *aŭ. 

orange oranĝo. 
order (subst.) ordo. 
order (vb.) ordoni. 
07'dinary ordinara. 
organ orgeno. 
oriental orienta. 
ornament ornamo. 
mphan orfo. 
ostrich struto. 
other alia. 
ought devi. 
out *ior. 
outside *ekster. 
oval ovalo. 
oven forno. 
over *super. 

overcoat surtuto, super- 
vesto. 



overthrow renversi. 

oive suldi. 

owl strigo. 

own (vb.) pos'edi. 

own (adj.) propra. 

ox bovo. 

oyster ostro. 



p. 

pack paki. 
page paĝo. 
paAl sitelo. 
pain doloro. 
paint pentri. 
paint-brush peniko. 
pale pala. 
palace palace. 
palate palato. 
pants pantalono. 
paper papero. 
paradise paradizo. 
pardon pardoni. 
parrot papago. 
parsley petroselo. 
part parto. 
particularly precipe. 
partridge perdriko. 
pass pasi. 
passion pasio. 
pastor pastro. 
pasture pasto. 
" fliko. 



patience pacienco. 
pause halti. 
pavement pavimo. 



131 



'pay pagi. 
'pea pizo. 
jpeace paco. 
peach persjko. 
peacock pavo, 
pear piro. 
pearl perlo. 
pen plumo. 
pencil krajono. 
penny penco. 
people popolo. 
pepper pi pro. 
perceive rimarki. 
perch [fish] perĉo. 
perfect perfekta. 
perish perei. 
permit permesi. 
persecute persekuti. 
person persono. 
perspire sviti. 
perverse petola. 
petticoat jupo. 
pheasant f azano. 
piano fortepiano. 
pickle pekli. 
piece peco. 
pike [fish] ezoko. 
pillar kolono. 
pin pinglo. 
pinch pinĉi. 
pine pino. 
pineapple ananaso. 
pious pia. 
^^ĉ pipo. 
pitch peco. 
j9% (vb.) bedaŭri. 
pity [it is a] domaĝo. 



place loko. 

plague pesto. 

^M plekti. 

p/a?i6 (vb.) raboti 

plant (vb.) planti. 

^^7i/ (subst.) kreskaĵo. 

plate telero. 

play ludi. 

please plaĉi. 

pleasure plezuro. 

plenty sato. 

plaagh (vb.) plugi. 

^?/i^7?i primo. 

poc^e^ poso. 

pom^ punkto. 

poison veneno. 

pole stango. 

police police. 

polish poluri. 

polish [for shoes] ciro, 

poplar poplo. 

poppy papavo. 

porcelain porcelano. 

possess posedi. 

post [mail] posto. 

pot poto. 

pour versi. 

powder (gun) pulvo. 

powder (dust) pulvoro. 

praise laŭdi. 

pray preĝi. 

preach prediki. 

precise preciza. 

prepare prepari. 

present (subst.) donaco 

present (vb.) prezenti. 

pn-eserve konservi. 



I2 



132 



press premi. 
pretiy beleta. 
price kosto. 
pick piki. 
piiest pastro. 
pHnce princo. 
2)7-1111 presi. 
private privata. 
prize prezo. 
produce produkti. 
promise promesi. 
proper propra. 
property posedaĵo. 
propose proponi. 
prosper prosper!. 
protect gardi, defendi. 
proud fiera. 
prove pruvi. 
proverb proverbo. 
prudent prudenta. 
pull tin". 
pump pumpilo. 
punish puni. 
pure pura. 
purple purpura. 
pus puso. 
push pusi. 
put meti. 
puzzle enigmo. 



guail koturno. 
quality eco. 
quantity kvanto. 
quick rapida. 



quicksilver liidrargo. 
quiet trankvila. 
quit lasi. 



R. 

rabbit kuniklo. 

race gento. 

radish rafano. 

rag ĉifono. 

rail relo. 

railroad fervojo. 

rain pluvi. 

rake rasti. 

rapid rapida. 

raspberry frambo. 

rat rato. 

rate [at the — of] "^po. 

raven korvo. 

ravish ravi. 

ray [of sun] radio. 

reach atingi. 

read legi. 

ready preta. 

real efektiva. 

reap rikolti. 

receive ricevi. 

recognise koni. 

rectangle rektangulo. 

redvnĝdi. 

regard rigardi. 

regiment regimento. 

register [a letter] reko- 

mendi. 
reign regi. 
rejoice goji. 



133 



relate to rilati. 


root radiko. 


relation parenco. 


rope snuro. 


remain resti. 


rose rozo. 


remark rimarki. 


rotten putra. 


remedy rimedo. 


round ronda. 


rent rento. 


roil) [rank] vico. 


repeat ripeti. 


row (vb.) remi. 


repose ripozi. 


rub froti. 


represent figuri. 


rubber-shoe galoŝo. 


reproach riproci. 


rule regulo. 


request peti. 


rum rumo. 


require postuli. 


run kuri. 


resound sonori, resoni. 


rws^ riisti. 


rest [the] cetero. 


rye sekalo. 


revenge venĝi. 




reward rekompenci. 


s. 


rhyme rimo. 


Sflc^ sako. 


rib ripo. 


sacrifice (v.) oferi. 


ribbon rubando. 


sacZ malĝoja. 


rice rizo. 


saddle selo. 


rich riĉa. 


saiZ velo. 


ride rajdi. 


salad salato. 


right 


in the] prava. 


salmon salmo. 


right 


authority] raj to. 


salt salo. 


right 


"hand] dekstra. 


salute saluti. 


righteous justa. 


same sama. 


ring ringo. 


sand sablo. 


ripe matura. 


Saturday sabato. 


river rivero. 


sawce saŭco. 


road vojo. 


save savi. 


roast rosti. 


saw segi. 


rob rabi. 


say diri. 


roll ruli. 


sca/ĉ [fish, etc] skvamo. 


ro()/ tegmento. 


scarcely ^apenaii. 


roo^ frugilego. 


science scienco. 


room ĉambro. 


scissai's tondilo. 


rooste'i 


• koko. 


scratch grati. 



134 



screw ŝraŭbo. 
sculpture skulpti. 
sea maro. 
seagull mevo. 
seal [animal] foko. 
seal (vb.) sigeii. 
search serci. 
season sezono. 
seat seĝi. 
seductive deloga 
see vidi. 
seem sajni. 
self si ; mem. 
sell vendi. 
send sendi. , 
sense senco. 
separate aparta. 
serpent serpento. 
serve servi. 
set [type] komposti. 
seven *sep. 
severe severa. 
sew kudri. 
shadow ombro. 
shaft [of wagon, 

timono. 
shake skui. 
shame honto. 
shark sarko. 
sharp akra. 
shave razi. 
she *ŭi. 
sheaf garbo. 
shear tondi. 
sheep safo. 
shell selo, konko. 
shield sildo. 



etc.] 



shilling ŝilingo. 
shine brili, 
ship sipo. 
67«'r^ cemizo. 
shoe ŜU0. 
.s7;oo^ pafi. 
shore bordo. 
shmi-sighted miopa. 
shoulder sultro. 
shovel sovelo. 
show montri. 
shut fermi. 
side flanko. 
sift kribri. 
sign sigQo. 
signify signiŭ, 
silent silenta. 
silk silko. 
silver arĝento. 
similar simila. 
simple simpla. 
sin peki. 
sing kanti. 
sir sinjoro. 
sit sidi. 

situation situacio. 
six *ses. 
skate gliti. 
skilful lerta. 
skin haŭto. 
sleep dormi. 
sleeve manik?. 
slide gliti. 
slippery glata. 
smallpox variolo. 
smear smiri. 
smell (subst.) odoro. 



135 



smell (vb.) flari. 


S2?«m? speciala. 


smoke fumi. 


spell silabi. 


smooth ebena, glata. 


sphinx sfiiikso. 


smoothe gladi. 


spice spico. 


snail limako 


spicier araneo. 


sneeze terni. 


s^m spini. 


snow neĝo. 


spinach spinaco. 


so "^tiel. 


spirit spirito. 


soap sapo. 


syit kraci. 


sober sobra. 


spite [in — of] ^malgraŭ. 


sorae/z/ societo. 


spleen lieno. 


sofa kanapo, sofo. 


s/?/27 fendi. 


soft mola. 


sponge spoiigo. 


sole [of foot] plando. 


spoon kulero. 


so/i'c solvi. 


spot makulo. 


some *m, kelka, "^iGin. 


spring [time] printempo. 


somehow "^iel. 


sp'ing risorto. 


someone "^iu. 


spinkle spruci. 


someone's *ies. 


spur sprono. 


something *io. 


square [public] placo. 


sometime ^'iam. 


squirrel sciuro. 


somewhat "^iom, "^iel. 


stable stalo. 


somewhere '^ie. 


stain makulo. 


so mz^c/i *tiom. 


stairs stuparo. 


SOTl filo. 


stammer bal1)ati. 


sooTi ^baldaŭ. 


stamp [metal, etc.] marko. 
damp [postage] poŝt- 


S0o^ fulgo. 


smxery sorĉo. 


marko. 


sorrow malĝojo. 


stand stari. 


SĉmZ animo. 


star stelo. 


S0WW6? soni. 


sta^rh amelo. 


S0WJ9 supo. 


starling sturno. 


sot//A sudo. 


state stato. 


sow semi. 


station stacio. 


sparrow pasero. 


steal steli. 


spawn frajo. 


steam vaporo. 


6;p<?<Xit paroli. 


steel stalo. 



136 



step ŝtupo. 
stewpan kaserolo. 
stick bastono. 
still (adj.) kvieta. 
still (adv.) "^ankoraŭ. 
sting piki. 
stocJdng strumpo. 
stomach stomako. 
stone stono. 
stop ccsi, halti. 
stop up stopi. 
store magazeno. 
stoi'Jc cikonio. 
story lakonto. 
sto7y [of house] etaĝo. 
stove forno. 
straight rekta. 
strange stranga. 
strap rimeno. 
straiu pajlo. 
strawberry frago. 
streak streko. 
street strato. 
stretch (v. a.) streci. 
stride paso. 
strike [hit] frapi. 
string kordo (music). 
strive peni. 
strong forta. 
stuf stof 0. 
success sukceso. 
such *tia. 
suck suĉi. 
sudden subita. 
suffer suferi. 
suffocate sufoki. 
sugar sukero. 



sulphur sulfuro. 
summer somero. 
sun suno. 
Sunday dimanco. 
supplement aldono. 
support subapogi. 
suppose supozi. 
suspect suspekti. 
suspenders Seiko. 
swalloiv [bird] hirunda 
swallow (vb.) gluti. 
swan cigno. 
swear ]\ivi. 
sweep balai. 
swell sveli. 
swim naĝi. 
sioing svingi. 
sword glavo. 
syllable silabo. 
sympathise kompati. 

T. 

table tablo. 

tablet tabulo. 

tail vosto. 

tailm^ tajloro. 

take preni. 

tale fabelo 

tall alta. 

tallow sebo. 

tap [water, etc.] krano. 

tapestry tapeto. 

tar gudro. 

tassel glano. 

taste gusti. 

tax takso. 



137 



tea teo. 

teach instrui. 

tear larmo. 

tear (vb.) ŝiri. 

tedious teda. 

telegraph telegrafi. 

tell rakonti. 

temple [of head] tempio. 

ten "^dek. 

territory teritorio. 

than *o\. 

thank danki. 

that (pron.) tiu ; tio. 

that (conj.) "^^ke. 

thaw degeli. 

the n^, n\ 

the — the *]\i — des. 
theater teatro. 
then "^tiam. 
there "'^tie. 
therefore "'^tial. 
they ili. 
thick dika. 
think pensi. 
thirst soifo. 
this "^tiu ci. 
thistle kardo. 
though "^kvankam. 
thousand '^mil. 
thread fadeno. 
threaten minaci. 
th-ee "^tri. 
thresh drasi. 
threshold sojlo. 
thrift sparo. 
throat gorĝo. 
through Hra, \ *per. 



throw ĵeti. 
thrush turdo. 
thunder tondro. 
Thursday ĵaŭdOo 
thus "^tiel. 
ticket bileto. 
tickle tikli. 
tie ligi. 
time tempo. 
time(s) fojo. 
tin stano. 

lado. 
laca. 
to *al. 
toadh\i(o. 
today ^hodiaŭ. 
together ^kune. 
toilet tualeto. 
tomb tombo. 
tomorrow *morgaŭ. 
tongue lango. 
too "'^tro. 
tooth dento. 
torm,ent turmenti. 
tmioise testudo. 
totter sanceli. 
touch tusi. 
towel visilo. 
tower turo. 
town urbo. 

trade (subst.) komerco. 
trade (vb.) komerci. 
transact trakti. 
translate traduki. 
treaty kontrakto. 
tree arbo. 
tremble tremi. 



138 



triangle triangulo. 

trouble zorgo. 

true vera. 

trumpet trumpeto. 

trunk [of tree] trunko. 

trust konfidi. 

try provi. 

tub barelo. 

tube tubo. 

Tuesday mardo. 

tulip tulipo. 

tune (subst.) melodio. 

tune (vb.) agordi. 

turkey meleagro. 

turn turni. 

turn [wood] torni. 

turnip rapo, 

twist (v. a.) tordi. 

twist (v. n.) volvi. 

two "^du. 

type tipo. 

u. 

ulcer ulcero. 
umbrella ombrelo. 
uncle onklo. 
under *sub. 
understand kompreni. 
undertake entrepreni. 
until "^ĝis. 
upper supr. 
upset renversi. 
urge inciti. 
use uzi. 
useful utila. 
utilise utiligi, 



V. 

vain vana. 

valise valizo. 

valley valo. 

various diversa. 

vase vazo. 

vast vasta. 

vein vejno. 

velvet veluro. 

verse verso. 

vertical vertikala. 

very *tre. 

vest vesto. 

vignette vinjeto. 

village vilaĝo. 

vinegar viiiagro. 

violet violo. 

violet (adj.) violkolora. 

violin violono. 

virtue virto. 

visit viziti. 

voice VOĈO. 

volcAino vulkano. 

volume volumo. 

voyage vojaĝo. 

vulture vulturo. 



w. 

wages salajro. 
waist talio. 
wait atendi. 
walk promeni. 
wall muro. 
walnut juglando. 



139 



walrus rosmaro. 

wander vagi. 

want bezoni. 

war milito. 

ivarm varma. 

wart veruko. 

wash lavi. 

wasp vespo. 

water akvo. 

wave ondo. 

wax vakso. 

way vojo. 

we *m. 

weary laca, enua. 

weather vetero. 

weave teksi. 

wedge kojno. 

Wednesday merkredo. 

week seraajno. 

weep plori. 

weigh (v. a.) pesi. 

weigh (v. n.) pezi. 

well (subst.) puto. 

west okcidento. 

whale baleno. 

what "^kia, "^kio. 

wheat tritiko. 

wheel rado. 

when *kiara. 

where "^kie. 

whether *cu. 

while ^dum. 

whip vipo. 

whistle fajfi. 

white blanka 

who "^kiu. 

whole tuta. 



whose *kies. 

why *kial. 

wick meĉo. 

wide larĝa, vasta. 

widoiuer vidvo. 

wild sovaĝa. 

will voli. 

willow saliko. 

wind (vb.) tordi. 

mnd (subst.) ventOo 

window feiiestro. 

wi7ie vino. 

wing flugilo. 

winter vintro. 

ivipe visi. 

wise saga. 

wish deziri. 

wit sprite. 

tvith "^kun. 

within interne. 

ivithout (wanting) "^sen. 

without (outside) ekstere. 

wolf lupo. 

wonder miri. 

luood (substance) ligno. 

ivoodpecker pego. 

wool lano. 

ivm'd vorto. 

woi'k (manual) laboro. 

wm-k (mental) verko. 

world mondo. 

ivorm vermo. 

wound vundi. 

tvrite skribi. 



Y. 

yawn oscedi. 
year jaro. 
yeast fermentilo. 
yellow flava. 
yes *}Qs. 

yesterday *hieraŭ, 
yet "^ankoraŭ. 
yoke jugo. 
you vi. 
young juna. 



140 



z, 

zenith zenito. 
zigzag zigzago. 
zinc zinko. 
zone zono. 



II.— ESPERANTO-ENGLISH 



A. 

a termination of adjec- 
tives : bel'o beauty, bel'a 
beautiful. 

ahelo bee. 

abio fir. 

acero maple. 

acida acid, sour. 

aceti to buy. 

ad' denotes duration of 
action : danci dance, 
danc'ado dancing. 

adei^to adept. 

administri administrate. 

adiau adieu, good-by. 

aero air. 

afero affair, business. 

agio eagle. 

agrabla agreeable. 

ago age. 

ajlo garlic. 

ajn . . . ever : kiu who, hiu 
ajn whoever. 

af made from or posses- 
sing the quality of : sek'a 
dry, sek'ajo dry goods. 

akcento accent. 

akcipitro hawk. 

i accompany. 



akra sharp. 

akrido grass-hopper. 

akurata accurate, punctual 

akvo water. 

al to. 

alaŭdo lark (bird). 

albumo album. 

alia other. 

alkovo alcove. 

abnenaŭ at least. 

almozo alms. 

alta high. 

alumeto match (lucifer), 

amo love. 

amaso crowd, mass. 

ainbasadoro ambassador. 

amelo starch. 

amiko friend. 

amuzi amuse. 

an inhabitant, member : 
Nov-Jm'k'o New York, 
Nov-Jork'an'o New 
Yorker. 

anaso duck. 

angulo corner, angle. 

angelo angel. 

animo soul. 

ankail also. 

ankm-aŭ yet, still. 

ankro anchor. 



142 



anonct announce. 
ansero goose. 
anstatau instead of. 
anta ending of pres. part. 

act. in verbs : am'anta 

loving. 
antau before. 
aparti separate. 
aparteni belong. 
apenaŭ scarcely. 
aperi appear. 
apogi lean (vb.). 
aproho approbation. 
apud near by. 
ar' a collection of objects : 

vori'o word, vort'aro dic- 
tionary. 
araneo spider. 
arangi arrange. 
arho tree. 
arco bow (fiddle). 
ardeo heron. 
argilo clay. 
argento silver. 
arg-mnento argument. 
arko arch, bow. 
araeniko arsenic. 
arto art. 
artiko joint. 
as ending of the present 

tense in verbs : am'as 

loves. 
asparago asparagus. 
ata ending of pres. part 

pass, in verbs : am'ata 

loved. 
ataki attack. 



atendi wait, expect. 

atenti attend. 

atesti attest, ajfirm. 

atingi attain, reach. 

aŭ or. 

audi hear. 

aŭskuUi listen. 

aŭtuno fall (of the year). 

avo grandfather. 

avara covetous. 

aveno oats. 

azeno ass. 

azoto azote, nitrogen. 



B. 

babili chatter. 

baki bake. 

balai sweep. 

balanci balance, swing. 

balhuti stammer. 

baldaŭ soon. 

baleno whale. 

bano bath. 

bapti baptize. 

bari bar, obstruct. 

barbo beard. 

barelo keg, barrel. 

bastono stick. 

bati beat. 

batali fight. 

bedo bed (garden). 

bedaŭri pity, regret. 

beko beak. 

bela beautiful. 

beni bless. 



143 



henko bench. 

bero berry. 

hesto beast. 

betulo birch (tree). 

hezoni need, want. 

hiciklo bicycle. 

bieno goods, estate. 

biero beer. 

bindi bind (books). 

birdo bird. 

blanka white. 

bleki cry (of beasts). 

blinda blind. 

blovi blow. 

blua blue. 

bo* relation by marriage : 
patrino mother, bo'- 
patrino mother-in-law. 

boli boil (vb. neut.). 

boligi to boil (v. act.). 

bona good. 

bo7i bore (vb.). 

bm-do shore. 

boi'so bourse, exchange. 

bofo boot. 

botelo bottle. 

bovo ox. 

brako arm. 

bramo bream. 

branco branch, 

brando brandy. 

brasiko cabbage. 

brido bridle. 

briko brick. 

brili shine. 

hrosi brush. 

brovo eyebrow. 



bruo noise. 
h'uU burn (v. n.). 
h'wna brown. 
h'usto breast. 
bruto brute. 
bufedo buffet. 
bufo toad. 
bulbo bulb. 
burgono bud. 
Jwso mouth. 
6u^ĉ?-o butter. 
butono button. 

Cĉ?i aim. 

cent hundred. 

cerbo brain. 

certa certain, sure. 

cervo deer. 

cetero rest, remainder. 

cifero cipher. 

cigaro cigar. 

cigaredo cigarette. 

cigno swan. 

cikonio stork. 

cindro ash, cinder. 

cirkonstanco circumstance. 

citrono lemon. 

A 

c. 

^greni disappoint. 
carabro chamber. 
capo bonnet, cap. 
cajpelo hat. 
capitro chapter. 



U4 



car for ; because. 

carmo charm. 

carniro hinge. 

carpenti do carpenter's 
work. 

casi hunt. 

ce at, near, by. 

cefo chief. 

ceko cheque. 

cemizo shirt. 

ceno chain. 

terizo cherry. 

cerko coffin. 

cesi cease, desist. 

cevalo horse. 

ci denotes proximity : tin 
that, tiu ci this ; tie 
there, tie ci here. 

cia every. 

cmm alwa3^s. 

cie everywhere. 

ciel in every manner. 

cielo heaven. 

cifi crumple. 

cifono rag. 

cikano chicanery. 

cio everything. 

cirkaii about, around. 

mL each, every one, ciu'j all. 

cizi chisel. 

ĉĵ affectionate diminutive 
of masculine names : 
Johano John, Jo'cjo 
Johnnie. 

cokolado chocolate. 

cu whether; asks a ques- 
tion. 



D. 

da is used instead of de 
after words expressing 
weight or measure ; 
Junto da viando a pound 
of meat, taso da teo a 
cup of tea. 

daktilo date (fruit). 

danci dance. 

danĝero danger. 

danki thank. 

dato date (time). 

daŭri endure, last. 

de of, from. 

decidi decide. 

decifri decipher. 

dedici dedicate. 

defendi defend. 

degradi degrade. 

dek ten. 

dekreto decree. 

dekstro right-hand. 

demandi demand, ask. 

densa dense. 

denio tooth. 

denunci denounce. 

des the {ju . . . des the . . . 
the). 

desegni design, draw. 

detalo detail. 

detrui destroy. 

devi ought, must, dev'igi 
necessitate, compel. 

dezerto desert. 

deziri desire. 

Dio God. 



145 



diamanfo diamond. 

diametro diameter. 

difekti damage, injure. 

diferenci distinguish. 

dlfini define. 

digesti digest. 

digi embank. 

dika thick. 

dikfA dictate. 

diligenta diligent. 

dimanco Sunday. 

diri say. 

direJcti direct. 

dis has the same force as 
the English prefix dis — : 
semi sow, dis'semi dis- 
seminate ; siri tear, 
dissiri tear to pieces. 

disputi dispute. 

disfingi distinguish. 

disti'i distract. 

divcni divine, guess. 

diver sa various, diverse. 

dividi divide. 

do then, indeed, however. 

dolaro dollar. 

dolca sweet. 

doloi'o pain, ache. 

dorm house. 

domarjo pity (in the phrase, 
it is a pity). 

doni give, al'doni add. 

donaci make a present. 

dm^mi sleep. 

doiso (the) back (of the 
body). 

drapo woollen goods. 



drapiri drape. 

draŝi thresh. 

droni drown 

du two. 

duhi doubt. 

dum while, during, durii'c 

meanwhile. 
dungi hire. 



E. 

e ending of adverbs : bona 

good, bo7ie well. 
ebena even, smooth. 
eble pei'haps. 
ec denotes qualities ; btm'a 

good, bon'eco goodness. 
ec even (adv.). 
eduki educate. 
edzo married man. 
real, actual. 



efekUve actually, really. 

efiki effect. 

eg' denotes increase of 

degree : varm'a warm, 

varm'ega hot. 
egala equal. 
ef place where an action 

occurs ; kuiri to cook, 

kuir'ejo kitchen. 
ek' denotes sudden or 

momentary action ; hii 

cry, ekkrii cry out. 
eks' ex-, late. 
eksciti to excite. 
ekster outside, besides. 



146 



ekstrema extreme. 

ekzemplo example. 

ekzerci exercise. 

ekzisti exist. 

ekspozicio exhibition. 

el from, out from. 

elefanto elephant. 

elekti choose. 

em! inclined to : hdbil'i 
chatter, babil'ema talk- 
ative. 

eminenta eminent. 

en in ; (when followed by 
the accusative = into). 

enigmo puzzle. 

entrepreni undertake. 

enui annoy, weary. 

envii envy. 

epoko epoch. 

er' one of many objects of 
the same kind : sahl'o 
sand, sahl'ero grain of 
sand. 

eraro error, mistake. 

erinaco hedgehog. 

e?pi harrow. 

esperi hope. 

esplori explore. 

esp'imi express (vb.). 

esii be. 

estimi esteem. 

estingi extinguish. 

estro chief : sip'o ship, 
sip'estro captain. 

et' denotes diminution of 
degree : rid'i laugh, rid' 
eti smile. 



etaĝo stage, story (of a 

house). 
eterna eternal. 
etiketo etiquette. 
eviti avoid. 
ezoko pike (fish). 



p. 

faho bean. 

fabelo tale, story. 

fahlo fable. 

facila easy. 

fadeno thread. 

faj/i whistle. 

fajli file. 

fajro fire. 

faksimilo facsimile. 

fali fall. 

falci mow, cut grass. 

fuldi fold. 

falko falcon. 

falsa false. 

familio family. 

fari do, far'igi become. 

faringo throat. 

farti be (relating to health). 

faruno meal, farina, flour. 

fasko bundle. 

fasti fast (vb.). 

fauko jaws. 

feh'o fever. 

feco sediment. 

felo hide, fleece. 

felica happy. 

felto felt. 



U7 



fendi split. 

fenestro window. 

fero iron. 

fermi shut. 

festo feast. 

jianco betrothed (male). 

fidela faithful. 

fiera proud. 

figo fig- 

figuro figure, representa- 
tion. 

filo son. 

fino end. 

fingro finger. 

firma firm. 

fiso fish. 

/s^a fiscal. 

flanJco side. 

/an smell (vb.). 

flati flatter. 

flava yellow. 

flegi nourish, take care of. 

fleksi bend (v. act.). 

flow flower. 

flui flow. 

flugi fly (vb.). 

fliiida fluid. 

flMto flute. 

foiro fair (subst.). 

/o/o time (three " times " 
etc.). 

fojno hay. 

foko seal (animal). 

folio leaf. 

/o7i/o fountain. 

/or forth, out. 

forgesi forget. 



forĝi forge. 

forko fork. 

formiko ant. 

/(97710 stove, furnace. 

/(9?'/£t strong. 

fortigi fortify. 

fosi dig. 

/•«^o strawberry. 

fragmenio fragment. 

frajo spawn 

frambo raspberry. 

frapi hit. 

frato brother. 

fraulo bachelor. 

freneza crazy. 

fresa fresh. 

fromaĝo cheese. 

frosto frost, 

froti rub. 

/•wa early. 

frugilego rook. 

frukto fruit. 

frunto, forehead. 

//^^ĉ> phthisis, consumption, 

/^^^0 soot. 

fulmo lightning. 

fumi smoke. 

fundo, bottom. 

funebro, funeral. 

fungo mushroom. 

futo foot (measure). 

G- 

gaja gay, merry. 
gajni gain. 
galo gall. 



k2 



148 



galoŝo rubber-shoe. 

gamaŝo gaiter. 

ganto, glove. 

garbo sheaf, shock. 

gardi guard. 

gasio guest. 

ge' of both sexes : ĵ)afro fa- 
ther, gepatr'o'j parents. 

gento race, kind, genus. 

genuo knee. 

geranio geranium. 

glacio ice. 

gladi smoothe, to iron. 

glano acorn. 

glaso glass, vase. 

glata slippery. 

glavo sword. 

gliti glide, glit'vetur'ilo 
sledge. 

gloho globe. 

gloro glory. 

glui glue. 

gluti, swallow (vb.). 

golfo, gulf. 

gcn-go throat. 

grajiio a grain. 

granda great, tall. 

granito, granite. 

grasa fat. 

grati scratch. 

gratuli congratulate. 

grava important. 

graveda pregnant. 

greno grain. 

grilo cricket (insect). 

grimaco grimace. 

giiza grey. 



groso gooseberry. 
gruo crane (bird). 
grupo group. 
gudro tar. 

gumo gum, mucilage. 
gusto taste. 
gufo drop. 
gvido guide. 



gardeno garden. 

gemi groan. 

geni constrain, embarrass. 

gentila polite. 

gi it. 

gibo hump. 

gis up to, until. 

gojo joy. 

guste just, exact. 



H. 

ha ah, alas. 

hajlo hail. 

haici hew, chop. 

halo market, market place. 

Imladzb exhalation. 

halti come to a stop. 

haro hair. 

haringo herring. 

harpo harp. 

haŭto skin. 

havi have (possess). 

hedero ivy. 



149 



hejmo home. 

hejti heat (vb.). 

held clear, glaring. 

helpi help. 

hepato liver. 

herbo grass. 

heredi inherit. 

herezo heresy. 

hierait yesterday. 

himno hymn. 

hirudo leech. 

hirundo swallow (bird). 

ho oh. 

hodiau to-day. 

hoko hook. 

homo man. 

honesta honest. 

honoro honour. 

honto shame. 

horo hour. 

hordeo barley. 

horlogo clock. 

hotelo hotel. 

hiifo hoof. 

humila humble. 

humoro humour. 

hundo dog. 

I. 

i termination or the infi- 
nitive in verbs : laud'i 
to praise. 

ia of any kind, 

ial for any cause. 

iam at any time, ever, 
once. 



id descendant, young one : 

hov'o ox, hov'ido calf. 
ie anywhere. 
iel anyhow. 
ies anyone's. 
ig' to cause to be : pur'a 

pure, pur'igi purify. 
ig' to become : rug'a red, 

rug'igi blush, 
i/'instrument: /wic^'z shear, 

tond'ilo scissors. 
Hi they. 

iliistrajo illustration. 
imiti imitate. 
in' ending of feminine 

words : bov'o ox, hov'ino 

cow. 
inciti provoke, incite. 
inda worthy. 
industrio industry. 
infano child. 
infekti infect. 
infero hell. 
injluo influence. 
infuzi infuse. 

ing' holder for : Icandel'o 
candle, kandel'ingo 
candle-stick. 
inko ink. 
insckto insect. 
insisli insist. 
instrui instruct, teach. 
insula island. 
insulii\\\su\.t. 
int' ending of past part. 

act. in verbs : am'inta 

having loved. 



150 



inteligenta intelligent. 


Juki itch. 


intend intend. 


juna young. 


inter between, among. 


jungi couple, harness (vbs.) 


interna inner. 


ju^po petticoat. 


intesto intestine. 


justa just, righteous. 


inviti invite. 




io anything. 


A 


iom a little. 


J. 


iri go. 




is ending of past tense in 


ĵaluza jealous. 


verbs : am' is loved. 


ĵaŭdo Thursday. 


ist' person occupied with : 


jeti throw. 


mar'o sea, mar'isto sailor. 


juri swear. 


it' ending of past part. 


JUS just, exactly. 


Dass. in verbs : atriUta 




laving been loved. 




in any one. 


K. 




kadro frame. 


J. 


kafo coffee. 




kago cage. 


j sign of the plural : patr'o 


kaj and. 


father, patr'o'j fathers. 


kajero paper covered book, 


ja indeed. 


copy-book. 


jako jacket. 


kalo corn (on the foot). 


jam already. 


kaldrono kettle. 


jaro year. 


kaleso carriage. 


je (can be rendered by 


kaliko bowl. 


various English prepo- 


kalko lime. 


sitions). 


kalkano heel. 


jen behold, lo, jen — jen 


kalkuli calculate. 


sometimes . . . sometimes. 


kalumnii calumniate. 


jes yes. 


kamhio bill of exchange. 


jvr—des the... the. 


kamelo camel. 


jubileo jubilee. 


kameno chimney. 


jugo yoke. 


kamomilo chamomile. 


juĝi judge. 


kamyo field. 



161 



kano cane. 
Icanaho hemp. 
kanalo canal. 
kanapo sofa, lounge. 
vanario canary. 
kandelo candle. 
kandidato candidate. 
kankro crab. 
kanti sing. 
kayo head. 
kapahla capable. 
kapro goat. 
kapti catch. 
kara dear. 

karafo caraffe, decanter. 
karbo coal. 
karesi caress. 
.karoto carrot. 
karpo carp (fish). 
kaserolo stewpan. 
kasko helmet. 
kastelo castle. 
kasioro beaver. 
kaŝi hide (vb.). 
kastano chestnut. 
kato cat. 

katedro cathedral. 
kauzi cause. 
kavo cave. 
kaverno cavern. 
ke that (conj.). 
kelo cellar. 
kelka some. 
kelnero waiter. 
kemo kernel. 
kesto chest, box. 
kia what (kind of). 



kial why, wherefore. 

kiam when. 

kie where. 

kiel how. 

kies whose. 

kio what. 

kiom how much — h^^v 

many. 
kisi kiss. 
Z;fw who, which (also that 

= relative), 
klafto fathom (measure). 
klara clear. 
klini bend, incline. 
Z;?ia5o boy. 
kojno wedge. 
koko rooster. 
kolo neck. 

kolego colleague, comrade. 
kolekti collect. 
kolera mad, angry. 
kolomho dove. 
kolono column. 
kolo7'o colour. 
kolumo collar. 
komo comma. 
komhi comb. 
komedio comedy. 
komenci commence. 
koTuerco trade. 
komisio commission. 
komizo clerk. 
komodo chest of drawers. 
kompari compare. 
kompafo compassion, 
komplezo favour, liking. 
komposti set (type). 



152 



hompreni understand. 
komuna common. 
kamuniki communicate. 
koncerto concert. 
koni know, recognise. 
kondico condition. 
konduki conduct. 
konduto conduct. 
konfesi confess. 
konfidi confide, trust. 
konfuzi confuse. 
ko7iko shell, mussel. 
konkludi conclude. 
konscii be conscious of. 
konscienco conscience. 
konsenii consent. 
konservi, preserve. 
konsili advise, counsel. 
konsoli console. 
konstanta, constant. 
konstrui construct, build. 
kontentigi satisfy. 
kontm'o bureau, office. 
kontraŭ against. 
kantroli control. 
kontuzo contusion. 
konvalo May-lily. 
konvena convenient. 
konvinki convince. 
koro heart. 
km-bo basket. 

kordo string (piano, etc.). 
korekti correct. 
korespondi correspond. 
korko cork. 
korno horn. 
korpo body. 



kmio court. 

korvo raven. 

kosto cost, price. 

koto dirt. 

kotono cotton. 

koturno quail (bird). 

koverto envelope. 

kovri cover. 

kraci spit. 

krajono pencil. 

krampo clamp, holdfast» 

staple. 
kranio cranium. 
krano tap, spigot. 
kravato cravat. 
krei create. 
kredi believe. 
kremo cream. 
kreno horse-radish. 
kreski grow, increase. 
kreto chalk. 
krii cry. 
krihro sieve. 
krimo crime. 
kripla crippled. 
kruci hook to, oXm^ to. 
krono crown. 
kruco cross. 
kruco jug. 
kruela cruel. 
krusto crust. 
kiibuto elbow. 
kudri sew. 

kufo bonnet (woman's). 
kuglo bullet. 
kuiri cook. 
kukolo cuckoo. 



153 



kukumo cucumber. 

kulo gnat. 

Jculero spoon. 

hulpo fault, blame. 

kun with, kuiie together. 

kunihlo rabbit. 

kwpro copper. 

kuri run. 

kwaci cure, heal (v. a.). 

kuraĝo courage. 

kurha curved. 

kurso course (lessons). 

kurteno curtain. 

kuseno cushion. 

kusi lie (down). 

kutimo custom. 

kuzo cousin. 

kvankam although. 

kvar four. 

kvazaŭ as if. 

kverko oak. 

kvieia calm, quiet. 

kmi five. 



the. 



la j 
labmv la})Our. 
laca weary. 
lacerto lizard. 
lado tinned iron. 
lago lake. 
lakto milk. 
lama lame. 
lampo lamp. 



lano wool. 

lando land, country. 

lango tongue. 

lanterno lantern. 

lanugo down, fluff. 

lardo lard. 

larga broad. 

larmo tear (to shed a). 

last leave, let alonCo 

lasta last, latest. 

hit according to. 

laŭbo arbour, summer- 
house. 

laŭdi praise. 

laiUa loud. 

lavango avalanche. 

lavi wash. 

leciono lesson. 

ledo leather. 

legendo legend. 

legi read. 

legomo legume. 

lego law. 

leki lick. 

hnlo lentil. 

kono lion. 

leporo hare. 

leriii learn. 

lerta skilful. 

letero letter. 

levi lift, raise. 

li he. 

libera free. 

libra book, Ubr'o'ten'ad'u 
book-keeping. 

/zĉ!?i(? spleen. 

ligi bind, tie. 



164 



ligno wood (the substance). 
likvoi-o liqueur. 
limo limit. 
limako snail. 
lino flax. 
lingvo language. 
li'po lip. 
lito bed. 

litero letter (of the alpha- 
bet). 
logi entice. 
logi lodge, dwell. 
loko place. 
longa long. 
loterio lottery. 
loti cast lots, 
/m rent. 
ludi play. 

/i^wift light, mal'luma dark. 
ZwTio moon. 
Zw7ic?6» Monday. 
lu]3o wolf. 
Zi^po/o hops. 
luto solder. 



M. 

maco unleavened bread. 
maci chew. 
magazeno store. 
maizo maize. 
majesto majesty. 
majstro master. 
makleristo broker. 
makulo stain. 
maV denotes opposites. 



maleolo ankle. 

malgraŭ in spite of. 

ma7io hand. 

mangi eat. 

maniero manner. 

maniko sleeve. 

mantelo cloak, mantle. 

maro sea. 

mar CO swamp, marsh. 

marcandi bargain, haggle, 

mardo Tuesday. 

margeno margin. 

marmoi'o marble. 

martelo hammer. 

masoni build with stone, 

mason' isto mason. 
masto mast. 
mastro master. 
maso mesh. 
masino machine. 
mateno morning. 
matraco mattress. 
matura ripe. 

mehlo piece of furniture. 
meco wick. 
medaliono medallion. 
mejlo mile. 
melo badger. 
meleagro turkey. 
melki milk (vb.) 
melodramo melodrama. 
melono melon, 
mem self, same. 
memhro member. 
memoro memory. 
mensogi tell a lie. 
mentono chin. 



165 



meriti merit. 

merkredo Wednesday. 

meti put, place. 

metio handicraft. 

mevo sea-gull. 

mezo middle. 

mezuri measure. 

mi I. 

mielo honey. 

migdalo almond. 

migri migrate, en'migr 

ant'o immigrant. 
miksi mix. 
mil thousand. 
milio millet. 
militi fight. 
minaci menace, threat. 
miopo short-sight. 
miozoto forget-me-not. 
miii wonder. 
mirto myrtle. 
mistero mystery. 
mizero distress, misery. 
modelo model. 
modera moderate. 
m^odesta modest. 
moduli modulate. 
mola soft. 

mono money (coin). 
Tuonato mouth. 
Tnondo world. 
mmito mountain. 
Tnontri show. 
mmiumenfo monument. 
moro habit, usage. 
m^di bite. 
morgan to-morrow. 



m/)rti die. 

mosto universal title : Vi'a 
reg'a most'o your ma- 
jesty, vi'a most'o your 
honour. 

Tnovi move (v. n.). 

mueli mill. 

multa much, many. 

muro wall. 

murmuri murmur, 

muso mouse. 

musko moss. 

mustardo mustard. 

muso fly (a). 

mufa dumb. 

muzeo museum. 

muziko music. 



N. 

n ending of the objective, 
also marks direction. 

nacio nation. 

naĝi swim. 

najbaro neighbour. 

najlo nail. 

najtingalo nightingale. 

naski bear, produce, nask' 
igi be born. 

naturo nature. 

nail nine. 

nazo nose. 

naztuko pocket handker- 
chief. 

ne no, not. 

nehulo fog. 



156 



necesa necessary. 

neĝo snow. 

nek — nek neither — nor. 

nenia no kind of. 

neniam never. 

nenie nowhere. 

neniel nohow. 

nenies no one's. 

nenio nothing. 

neniii nobody. 

Tiejpo grandson. 

nermi nervous. 

nesto nest. 

new nephew. 

id we. 

nigra black. 

7?/ diminutive of female 
names. 

nobelo nobleman. 

nohla noble. 

nokto night. 

nmno name. 

nombro number. 

nordo north. 

Tioti note. 

nova new. 

nu well ! 

nuho cloud. 

nuda naked. 

nuko nape of the neck. 

nukso nut. 

nulo zero. 

numero number (of a ma- 
gazine, etc.). 

nun now. 

nur only (adv.). 

nutri nourish. 



o. 

ending of nouns (subst.), 
root pat/ : patr'o father. 

obei obey. 

objekto object. 

oW ...-io\d, du two, du'ohla 
twofold, duplex. 

obstina obstinate. 

oceano ocean. 

odoro odour. 

ofendi offend. 

oferi offer (sacrifice). 

qfico office. 

ofte often. 

ok eight. 

okazi happen, okaz'o occa 
sion. 

okcidento west. 

oktavo octave (mus.). 

okulo eye, okulvitroj spec- 
tacles. 



occupy. 
ol than. 
oleo oil. 
ombro shadow. 
ombrelo umbrella. 
ono marks fractions : kvar 

four, kvar'ono a fourth, 

quarter. 
ondo wave. 
oni one, people, they : onl 

dir'as they say, it is said. 
onklo uncle. 
onta ending of fut. part. 

act. in verbs : am' onta 

about to love. 



157 



o'p marks collective nume- 
rals : tri three, in ope 
three together. 

opalo opal. 

(yportuim opportune, suit- 
able. 

OTO gold. 

orango orange. 

07'do order, regularity. 

ordinara ordinary. 

ordoni order, command. 

07'elo ear. 

oifo orphan. 

orgeiio organ (musical). 

cniento east. 

ornami ornament. 

OS ending of future tense 
in verbs : am'os will love. 

oscedi yawn. 

osto bone. 

astro oyster. 

ota ending of fut. part, 
pass, in verbs : am ota 
about to be loved. 

ovo egg. 

P. 

paco peace. 

pacienco patience. 

pafl shoot. 

pagi pay. 

pago page (of a book). 

pagodo pagoda. 

pajlo straw. 

paki pack, put up. 

pala pale. 



palace palace. 

potato palate. 

palpi touch, feel. 

palpebro eyelid. 

pamfleto pamphlet. 

pano bread. 

piantalono pants, trousers. 

pavtoflo slipper. 

papago parrot. 

papavo poppy. 

papero paper. 

papilio butterfly. 

paradizo paradise. 

pardoni forgive. 

parenco relation. 

2:arl:o park. 

pjaroli speak. 

parto part. 

pasi pass. 

pasamento lace. 

jMsero sparrow. 

pasio passion. 

p)asko Easter. 

pasto paste. 

pastro priest, pastor. 

paso stride, step. 

pasti pasture, feed am 

mals. 
pato frying-pan. 
patro hither, patr'ujo fa the: 

land. 
patrioto patriot. 
pavo peacock. 
pavimo pavement. 
peco piece. 
pego woodpecker. 
1 p^o sin. 



158 



peli pursue, chase out. 

pelto fur. 

peni endeavour, to try to. 

pendi hang. 

peniko paintbrush. 

penco penny. 

pensi think. 

pentri paint. 

per through, by means of. 

per CO perch (fish). 

perdi lose. 

perdriko partridge. 

perei perish. 

perfekta perfect. 

perfidi betray. 

perlo pearl. 

perlamoto mother-of-pearl. 

permesi permit, allow. 

perono front-steps. 

persekuti persecute. 

persiko peach. 

persono person. 

pesi weigh (vb. act.). 

pesto plague. 

peti request, beg. 

petola petulant. 

petrolo coal-oil, kerosene. 

petroselo parsley. 

pezi weigh (vb. neut.). 

pia pious. 

piedo foot. 

pigo magpie. 

piki prick, sting. 

pilko ball (to play with). 

pino pine-tree. 

pinci pinch. 

pinglo pin. 



pipo pipe (tobacco). 
pipro pepper. 
piro pear. 
piramido pyramid. 
pizo pea. 

placo public square. 
placi please. 
plado plate. 
plafono ceiling. 
plando sole (of the foot). 
planko floor. 
planti plant (vb.). 
plata flat, plain. 
plej most. 
plekti weave, plait. 
plena full. 
plendi complain. 
plezuro pleasure. 
pli more. 

plmi mourn, weep. 
plugi to plough. 
plumo pen. 
plurnbo lead (metal). 
pluvi rain. 

po by (with numbers) : po 
kvar at the rate of four 
poenw poem. [each. 

poeto poet. 
polico police. 
poligono buckwheat. 
polvo dust. 
porrw apple. 
ponto bridge. 
poplo poplar. 
popolo people. 
por for. 
porcelano porcelain. 



159 



pordo door. 

porko hog. 

porti carry. 

parireto portrait. 

posedi possess. 

post after, behind. 

postuli require, claim. 

poso pocket. 

post' post, signo de post'o 

postage- stamp, post'o'- 

kart'o postal-card. 
poto pot. 
pom be able, can. 
yrava right (to be in the 

right). 
precipe particularly. 
preciza precise. 
prediki preach. 
pregi pray. 
premi press. 
pi'eni take. 
prepari prepare. 
presi print (vb.). 
preskaŭ almost. 
p'eta ready. 
preter beside, beyond. 
pi-ezidanto president. 
prezenti present (vb.). 
prezo prize. 
pri concerning, about. 
pinco prince. 
priniempo spring time, the 

spring. 
privata private. 
pro for the sake of. 
procento per cent. 
procesio procession. 



profunda deep. 

proksima near. 

promeni to walk, prome- 
nade. 

p7'omesi promise. 

proponi propose, suggest. 

propra own (one's own). 

p-osperi prosper. 

povo attempt, trial. 

pvverbo proverb. 

povinco province. 

prudenta prudent. 

pruno plum. 

p'unto loan, doni prunte to 
lend, peti prunte to bor- 
row. 

pruvi prove, demonstrate. 

pugno fist. 

pulmo lung. 

pulvo gunpowder. 

pulvoro powder. 

pumpi pump. 

puni punish. 

punkto point. 

pupo doll. 

pira pure. 

puritano puritan. 

pmso pus, matter. 

pusi push. 

puto well (subst.). 

putra rotten. 



rati rob. 

rabato rebate, discount. 

rabeno rabbin. 



160 



raboti plane. 

rado wheel. 

radio beam, ray. 

radiko root. 

rafano radish. 

rajto right, authority. 

rakonti tell, relate. 

ramjn crawl. 

rano frog. 

rando edge. 

rapo turnip. 

rapida quick, rapid. 

raso breed, race. 

rato rat. 

rauka hoarse. 

raŭpo caterpillar. 

ravi ravish, enrapture. 

razi shave. 

re again, back. 

refuti refute. 

regi rule, reign. 

regali entertain, regale. 

regimento regiment. 

regno kingdom. 

regulo rule. 

rego king. 

rekompenci reward. 

rekta straight, maVrekta 

oblique, sloping. 
religio religion. 
relo rail. 
remi row (vb.). 
reno kidney. 
renhonti meet. 
renversi upset. 
respondi reply. 
resti remain. 



reto net. 

revo fancy. 

ribo currant. 

libelo, rebel, insurgent. 

ricevi obtain, get, receive. 

rica rich. 

ridi laugh. 

rigardi behold, look at. 

rigli to bolt or bar. 

rikolti reap. 

rilati be related to. 

rimo rhyme. 

rimarki remark. 

rimedo, means, remedy, 

rimeno strap. 

ringo ring (subst.). 

rij^o, rib. 

ripeti repeat. 

ripozi, repose. 

riproci reproach. 

rivero river. 

rizo rice. 

romanco, romance. 

rompi break. 

ronda round. 

roso dew. 

7'osti roast. 

rozo rose. 

rubando ribbon. 

ruga red. 

ruli roll. 

rurrw rum. 

rusto rust. 

ruza trick, ruse. 



161 



s. 

sabato Saturday. 

sahlo sand. 

safiro sapphire. 

sago arrow. 

saga wise. 

sagaca, sagacious. 

saJco sack. 

salo salt. 

salajro wages, salary. 

saliko willow. 

salmo salmon. 

salti leap, jump. 

saluti salute, greet. 

saTna same. 

sana healthy. 

sango blood. 

sankfa holy. 

sapo soap 

sata satisfied, satiated, 

mal'sata hungry. 
saŭco sauce. 
savi save 

sceno scene (theatre). 
scii know. 
scienco science 
sciuro squirrel. 
se if. 

sebo tallow. 
sed but. 
segi saw. 
seĝo seat, chair. 
seka dry. 
sekalo rye. 
sekreto secret. 
sekvi follow. 



selo saddle. 

semi sow. 

semajno week. 

sen without. 

senco sense. 

sendi send. 

senti feel, perceive. 

Sep seven. 

serci search. 

serpento serpent. 

seruro lock (subst.). 

servi serve. 

ses six. 

severa severe. 

sezono season. 

si one's self. 

sidi sit. 

sigeli seal (vb.). 

si^no sign, token. 

signifi signify, mean. 

sUabo syllable, silah'i 

spell. 
silenta silent. 
siliko flint. 
silko silk. 
simio monkey. 
simila like, similar. 
simpla simple. 
sinjoro Sir, Mr. 
sitelo bucket. 
situacio situation. 
skandali scandalise. 
skaraho beetle. 
skatolo small box, case. 
skrihi write. 
skui shake. 
skulpti sculpture. 



to 



162 



sJcvamo scale (fish, etc.). 

sobra sober. 

societo society. 

soifo thirst. 

sojlo threshold. 

sola only, alone. 

soldato soldier. 

solena solemn. 

solvi loosen, dissolve. 

somero summer. 

sonĝi dream. 

sono sound (subst.). 

sonori give out a sound (as 
a bell, etc.). 

sop^ano soprano. 

sorco witchcraft. 

sorto fate, lot. 

sovaga wild, savage. 

speco kind, species. 

speguh looking-glass. 

sperto experience. 

spezi spend, el'spez'o'j ex- 
penses. 

spico spice. 

spiko ear, head (of corn, 
etc.). 

spinaco spinach. 

spiri breathe. 

spirito spirit. 

spongo sponge. 

spito wit. 

sprono spur. 

stacio depĜt (railroad). 

stalo stable. 

stampo stamp, mark. 

stano tin. 

standardo flag. 



stango pole. 

stari stand. 

stato state, condition. 

stelo star. 

sfomako stomach. 

stranga strange. 

strato street. 

streko streak, line. 

strigo owl. 

struto ostrich. 

studento student. 

sturno starling. 

sub under, beneath, below, 

subita sudden. 

substanco substance. 

suci suck. 

sudo south. 

suferi suffer. 

sufica sufficient. 

sufoki suffocate. 

suko sap, juice. 

sukceno amber. 

sukceso success. 

sukei'O sugar. 

sulfur sulphur. 

sultano^vlt^xi. 

suno sun. 

supo soup. 

super over, above. 

supozi suppose. 

supa upper (adj.). 

sur upon, on. 

surda deaf. 

surtuto coat. 

suspekti suspect. 



163 



A 




stujpo step. 




s. 




ŜUO shoe. 
M^i owe. 




ŝafo sheep. 




ŝultro shoulder. 




ŝajni seem. 




suti discharge (corn 


etc.) 


ŝako(j) chess. 




sveli swell. 




ŝanceli totter. 




ŝviti perspire. 




ŝanĝi change. 








ŝargi load (a gun, 


etc.). 






ŝaŭmo foam. 




T. 




sĉ/(? shell. 








serco joke. 




tdbako tobacco. 




si she. 




tablo table. 




sildo shield. 




tabulo tablet. 




silingo shilling. 




tago day. 




sinko bacon, ham. 




tajloro tailor. 




sipo ship. 




takso tax. 




sin tear, rend. 




talpo mole (animal). 




slimo slime. 




tamhuro drum. 




s/osi lock, fasten. 




/amĉn however, neverthe- 


smiri smear. 




less. 




S7i?^?-ĉ) string. 




tapeto tapestry. 




soveli shovel. 




tapiso carpet. 




SJXiri be sparing, 


syarem'- 


taso cup. 




ec'o thrift. 




taugi be fit for, 


taug'a 


spini spin. 




serviceable. 




spruci sprinkle. 




feo tea. 




sranko cupboard. 




teda tedious. 




ŝraŭbo screw. 




tegmento roof. 




stalo steel. 




/ĉ^si weave. 




ŝtato state, Unu'ig'it'a'j 


tempo time. 




Stat'o'j United States. 


/e??2po temple (of 


fore 


s^eZi steal. 




head). 




stofo stuff, matter. 


goods. 


teni hold, grasp. 




s^owo stone. 




tenti tempt. 




stopi stop, fasten down. 


tero earth. 




strum^o stocking. 




teritmio territory. 





l2 



164 



temi sneeze. 

teruro terror. 

testudo tortoise. 

tetro (c.f. urogald) grouse. 

tia such. 

tial therefore. 

tiam then. 

tie there. 

tiel thus, so. 

tihli tickle. 

timi fear. 

tineo moth. 

tio that one. 

tiom so much. 

tiri draw, pull, drag. 

tin that. 

tolo linen. 

toleri tolerate. 

tombo tomb, grave. 

tondi clip, shear. 

tondro thunder. 

topazo topaz. 

tordi wind, twist. 

torni turn (on a lathe). 

iornistro knapsack. 

^ra through 

trabo beam (of wood). 

traduki translate. 

trafi strike, meet, fall in 

with. 
trakti transact. 
tran'd cut. 
ranhvila quiet, 
^raws across. 
tre very, 
^rgm^ tremble. 
tremĵd immerse. 



treni drag, trail. 
tri three. 
triangulo triangle. 
^n7^Z:^ drink. 
tritiko wheat. 
tro too (much). 
trompi deceive, cheat. 
trono throne. 
trotuaro side- walk. 
trovi find. 
truo hole. 
trumpeto trumpet. 
trunko trunk, stem 
tualeto, toilette. 
tuho tube. 
tuber bulb. 
tuj immediately 
tuko cloth. 
tulijpo tulip, 
/wro tower. 
turdo thrush. 
turkiso turquoise. 
turmenti torment. 
turni turn (vb.). 
tusi cough. 
tusi touch. 
tuta whole- 

u. 

u' ending of the impera- 
tive in verbs. 

uj' containing, bearing : 
ink'o mk,ink'ujo ink-pot ; 
pom'o apple, pom'ujo 
apple - tree ; Turk'ujo 
Turkey. 



165 



ut' person noted for ... : 
avar'a covetous, avar'ul'o 
miser, covetous person. 

ulcer ulcer. 

um' this syllable has no 
fixed meaning, plen'a 
full, plen'umi fulfil ; 
am'inda worthy of love, 
am'ind'umi make love. 

ungo nail (finger). 

wnAJormo uniform (cos- 
tume), 

universala universal. 

unu one. 

urho town. 

urogalo grouse. 

urso bear (animal). 

urtiko nettle. 

us ending of conditional 
in verbs. 

iiiila useful. 

uzi use. 

uzurp, usurp. 

V. 

vakso wax. 

valo valley. 

valizo valise. 

vana vain, needless. 

vango cheek. 

vaporo steam, vapour. 

variolo smallpox. 

varma warm. 

vasta wide, vast. 

vato padding, wadding. 

vazo vase. 



vejno vein. 
veJci wake, arouse. 
velo sail (subst.). 
velki fade. 
veluro velvet. 
veni come. 



sell. 

vendredo Friday. 
veneno poison. 
vengo vengeance. 
venki conquer. 
venio wind. 
ventro belly. 
vera true. 
verbo verb. 
verda green. 
verko work (literary). 
vermo worm. 
veo'so verse. 
versi pour. 
veruko wart. 
vespo wasp. 
vespero evening. 
vesperto bat. 

vesti clothe, vest'o clothes. 
vesto vest. 
veti bet, wager. 
vetero weather. 
veturi journey, travel. 
veziko blister, bladder. 
viando meat, flesh. 
lico row, rank. 
vidi see. 
vidvo widower. 
mgia brisk, alert. 
vikaro vicar. 
vilaĝo village. 



166 



grape, 



vino wine, vin'bero 
sek'vin'hero raisin 
vinagro vinegar. 
vintro winter. 
violo violet. 

violkolora violet (colour) 
violono violin. 
vipo whip. 
viro man. 
virto virtue. 
visi wipe. 

vitro glass (substance). 
vivi live. 
vizaĝo face. 
voco voice. 
vqjo way, road. 
vqjago voyage. 
voki call. 



voli wish, will. 

volonte willingly. 

volume volume. 

volvi turn round, roll up. 

vorto word. 

vosto tail. 

vi^/po fox. 

vulturo vulture. 

vundi wound. 



z. 

zenito zenith. 
zinko zinc. 
zigzaga zigzag. 
zoTW girdle, belt. 
zorgo care for. 



NOTE ON THE USE OF THE ACCUSATIVE (N). 

N, the accusative termination, is not only used to mark 
the direct object of a verb, as already shown ; it is also used 
as follows : — 

1. To denote motion towards, whenever the preposition 
does not clearly do so. La hundo kuris en la gardenon. The 
dog ran into the garden. Kien li iras ? Where is he going ? 
Li prenos la aferon sur sin, ne timu. He will take the matter 
upon himself, don't fear. 

2. To denote the duration of an event. Li restis tri tagojn 
en Romo. He stayed three days in Rome. Mi dormos ses 
horojn. I shall sleep (during) six hours. 

3. To denote dates, etc. Li alvenos lundon. He will 
arrive on Monday. Mi skribis al li la dekan (tagon) de 
Junio. I wrote to him on the tenth of June. La 27*° 
Aŭgusto, 1904^. Mi vin vidis sabaton. I saw you on 
Saturday. 

4. To denote price, weight, and measure. Tiu Ci libro 
kostas tri sihngojn. This book costs three shillings. Mia 
domo estas alta 53 futojn. My house is 53 feet high (in 
height). 



APPENDIX. 



NAMES OF COUNTRIES, Etc. 



Ameriho, 
AŭstraliOf 
Azio, 
EŭropOj 
Alĝerio, 
Anglujo, \ 
Anglolando, j 
Belgujo, 
BrazilujOj 
Danujo, 
Egiptujo, 
Finnlarido, 
Francujo, ^ 
FrancolandoJ 
Germanujo, 
Granda 1 
Britujo, J 
Gi'ekujo, 
Hisjpanujo, 
Holando, 
HungarujOf 



Africa. 

America. 

Australia. 

Asia. 

Europe. 

Algiers. 

England. 

Belgium. 

Brazil. 

Denmark. 

Egypt. 

Finland. 

France. 

Germany. 

Gt. Britain. 

Greece. 
Spain. 
Holland. 
Hungary. 



Ĥinujoj 
ItalujOj 
Irlando, 



Meksiko, 
Norda \ 

Ameriko, j 
Norvegujo, 
FalestinOy 



FortugalujOy 

Frusujo. 

FumanujOj 

BusujOy 

SkotlandOj 

Serbujo, 

SudaAvienko^ 



Svisujo, 

Turkujo, 

Unuigitaj 

Statqj 

Amerikaj 



10, 

itaj I 
riJcajj j 



China. 

Italy. 

Ireland. 

Japan. 

Mexico. 

N. America. 

Norway. 

Palestine. 

Persia. 

Portugal. 

Prussia. 

Eoumania. 

Russia. 

Scotland. 

Servia. 

S. America, 

Sweden. 

Switzerland 

Turkey. 

United 
States of 
America. 



168 





NAMES 


OF CITIES 


1. 


Amsterdamo 


, Amsterdam. 


ParizOj 


Paris. 


Berlino, 


Berlin. 


Fekino, 


Pekin. 


Edinburgo, 


Edinburgh. 


Prago, 


Prague. 


Lisabono, 


Lisbon. 


Eomo, 


Rome. 


Londono, 


London. 


Sankt PeterA^t. Peters- 


Madrido, 


Madrid. 


hurgOj 


/ burg. 


Moskvo, 


Moscow. 


Tuniso, 


Tunis. 


Neapolo^ 


Naples. 


Vai'sovio, 


Warsaw. 


Nov-Jorko, 


New York. 


Fieno, 


Vienna. 


OdesOy 


Odessa. 







NAMES OF PEOPLES. 



Anglo, 


Englishman. 


Ffirapano, 


European. 


Arabo, 


Arab. 


Arnerikano, 


American. 


Belgo, 


Belgian. 


Afrikano, 


African. 


Dano, 


Dane. 


Aziano, 


Asiatic. 


FraTico, 


Frenchman. 


Irlandano, 


Irishman. 


Germano, 


German. 


Skotlandano, 


Scotchman. 


Greko, 


Greek. 


Egipto, 


Egyptian. 


Hispano, 


Spaniard. 


Zuluo, 


Zulu. 


Hungaro, 


Hungarian. 


Kanwdano, 


Canadian. 


Londamno, 


Londoner. 


Nov-Jorkano, 


New Yorker. 


NAMES OF 


THE MONTHS. 


Januaro, 


January. 


Julio, 


July. 


Februaro, 


February. 


Augusto, 


August. 


Maiio, 


March. 


Septembro, 


September. 


ApilOy 


April. 


Oktobro, 


October. 


Majo, 


May. 


Novembro, 


November. 


Junio, 


June. 


Decembro. 


December. 



169 



DAYS OF THE WEEK, Etc. 



L%indn, 

Mar do, 

31erkredo, 

Jaŭdo, 

Vendredo, 

Sahato, 

Dimanco, 

Jaro, 

Superjaro, 

MonatOj 

Semajno, 

Tago, 



Sezono, Season. Printemj)o, Spring. Somero, Summer. 
Autuno, Autumn. Vintro, Winter. 



AETICLES OF FOOD, 



Monday. 


Hoi'o, 


Hour. 


Tuesday. 


Minuto, 


Minute. 


Wednesday. 


Sekundo, 


Second. 


Thursday. 


Hodiau, 


To-day. 


Friday. 


Morgan, 


To-morrow. 


Saturday. 


Hieraŭ, 


Yesterday. 


Sunday. 


Mateno, 


Morning. 


Year. 


Fespero, 


Evening. 


Leap year. 


Nokto, 


Night. 


Month. 


Tagmezo, 


Mid-day. 


Week. 


NoktmiezOj 


Midnight. 


Day. 






THE 


SEASONS. 





Kafo, 


Coffee. 


Ovo, 


Egg. 


Teo, 


Tea. 


Butero, 


Butter. 


Cokolado, 


Chocolate. 


Mielo, 


Honey. 


Akvo, 


Water. 


Sukero, 


Sugar. 


Vino, 


Wine. 


Fromago, 


Cheese. 


Biero, 


Beer. 


Pa7io, 


Bread. 


Brando, 


Brandy. 


Faruno, 


Flour. 


Lakto, 


Milk. 


Frukto, 


Fruit. 


Kremo, 


Cream. 


Supo, 


Soup. 


Pipro, 


Pepper. 


Vermicelo, 


Vermicelli. 


Salo, 


Salt. 


Makarono, 


Macaroni. 


Mustardo, 


Mustard. 


Supo testuda, Turtle sou^j 



170 



Supofazeola, Haricot soup. Pureo, 
-o T ( Beef tea 

Buljmo, I (bouillon). 

Potato. 

Salmon. 

Trout. 

Herring. 

Oarp. 

Oysters. 

Vegetables. 



Terpomo, 

SalmOj 

Truto, 

Haringo, 

KarpOj 

Ostrojf 

Legomojj 

Ansero kun 

Anaso kun olivqj, 

Kokido rostita, 

Eenoj de safidoy 

Flora-brasiko, 

Asparagqj kunblanka saŭco, 

Spinaco kun viandsukOj 

Terpomoj frititaj, 

Rostita au bolita bovajOj 

Bifsteko, 7-osbifo, 

Kotletqj de safido, de bovido, 

Sinko el Jai'ko, 

LatukOf 



Pur6e. 
Green peas. 
Kadish. 
Hors d'oeuvre. 
Kidney. 
Fish. 
Sauce. 
Vinegar. 

Cold meats. 



Fizetoj, 

Bafano, 

Mangajetqj, 

Reno, 

Fisoj 

Saŭco, 

Finagro, 

Fiandqj V 

Malvarmaj.) 

Goose with chestnuts. 

Duck with olives. 

Roast chicken. 

Mutton kidneys. 

Cauliflower. 

Asparagus with white 
sauce. 

Spinach with gravy. 

Fried potatoes. 

Roasted or boiled beef. 

Beefsteak, roast beef. 

Lamb cutlets, veal cutlets. 

York ham. 

Lettuce, etc. 



American Esperanto Association 

President : R. H. Geoghegan, Esq., Burke Build- 
ing, Seattle, Wash. 

Vice-Presidents 

Dr. H. W. Morse, Pres. Harvard University Es- 
peranto Club, Cambridge, Mass. 

Dr. Max Talmey, Pres. N. Y. Esperanto Society, 
62 W. 126th St., N. Y. City. 

Francis G. Morin, Esq., 234 Ewing St., Chicago. 

Prof. A. M. Grillon, Central Manual Training 
School, Philadelphia, Pa. 

The American Esperanto Association exists pri- 
marily for the purpose of founding Local Clubs and 
for uniting together Esperantists in general. Sec- 
ondarily, it serves as a centre of information. 

For information in regard to Local Clubs in their 
respective localities, please address the President and 
Vice-Presidents, 

For information about other clubs, methods of 
starting new clubs, methods of instruction, literature, 
propaganda material, subscriptions to magazines, price 
lists, etc., address the Secretary, 

J. F. TWOMBLY, 

Boulevard Station, Boston. 

One dollar gives one membership in the Association 
and a year's subscription to an Esperanto journal. 



Esperajato, lEe Umversal Larigiiage 



Count. Tolst.o5 

"I found 'Volapuk' very complicated, while ES- 
PERANTO on the contrary, is very simple. It is 
so easy to learn that recently having received a 
grammar, a dictionary, and several articles in that 
idiom, I was able at the end of tzvo short hours to 
easily read the language and even to write some of 
it. The trouble involved in a few hours' study is so 
slight, and the results may prove so great that no 
one should refuse to make the attempt." 
London Sp enactor 

"It is remarkably easy to learn, owing to its ir- 
reducible minimum of grammar and its extreme 
simplicity of vocabulary. As far as we have ex- 
amined it, we see no reason why this really simple 
and scientific language should not afford to the 
tourist and the merchant exactly what they need 
for communication with foreigners." 
AtAantAc MontMy 

"The writer is not an Esperantist; he does not 
speak the new idiom; he has never tried to, but 
having heard of ESPERANTO, he decided to 
write for it. One Sunday afternoon (for play not 
for work) at about three o'clock he began to study, 
at four o'clock he could read without too much 
trouble, in the evening he wrote a letter of thanks 
for it in ESPERANTO. He feels perfectly sure 
that anybody could do as well, perhaps much bet- 
ter." 



Esperanto Student>s Complete Text. Book 

Containing^ full grammar, exercises, conversations, 
commercial letters and two vocabularies. By J. C. 
O'Connor, B.A. New popular edition. Cloth, 50c. net, 

English- Esperant.0 Dicftionary 

By J. C. O'Connor and C. P. Hayes. Boards, 6cx:. net. 

Esperanto-English Di^ionary 

By A. MOTTEAU. Boards, $1.00 net. 

Lessons In Esperanto 

Compiled by Geo. W. Bullen. Paper covers, 25c. net. 

A Priraer of Esperant>o loc. net. 
First, Lessons in Esperanto 25c. net. 

Christ*maS Carol paper, 40c. net; cloth, 60c. net. 



W, Iv. Alden, in The Saturday limes Review, says : 

'■'A great improvement on Volapuk which was preposterous 
from begi7ining to end. Volapuk was not a simple language, and 
simplicity is the one thing required in an international language'' 

THE /fEW 
UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE 

Endorsed by Count Tolstoi and the late Prof. Max Muller. 
Engaging 80,000 Students in France. Many Classes forming 
to Great Britain. Now First Introduced into America. 

(Dr. ZatnenKors System) 

ESPERANTO 

STUDENTS' COMPLETE TEXT BOOK 

Containing Full Grammar, Exercises, Conversa- 
tions, Commercial Letters and Two Vocabularies 
Compiled by J. C. O'CONNOR 



** f T will bring to the reader a startling sense of the feasibility of 
I universal language. Especially in France ESPERANTO has 
been taken up seriously. Americans will not be slow in 
catching up with the procession. Esperanto is a miracle of 
simplicity. Almost any day, speaking loosely or figuratively, it 
;nay dawn upon the consciousness of the business world as a revel- 
ation. Grammars have never before been found among the six 
best sellers, but it is not unreasonable to predict for Mr. O'Connor's 
booklet a considerable sale. It is even conceivable that Esperanto 
should ride into world success 6n the tide of an Anglo-American 
izcu'^'-'Chi^ago Evening Post 



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